Many changes occur in the mother's body during pregnancy. These changes begin with fertilization and continue throughout pregnancy. All organ systems are affected. Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Dr.Ebru Füsun Akbay from Anadolu Medical Center In the first half of the pregnancy, the mother's body changes and the symptoms that occur due to them shares with you.
Pregnancy is one of the most important experiences a person has in her life. It's a beautiful but difficult process. With pregnancy, women observe many changes in their bodies. There are some differences starting from the first days of pregnancy. Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Dr.Ebru Füsun Akbay from Anadolu Medical Center Ilk The first thing to notice with the delay of menstruation is excessive swelling, fullness and sensitivity. In the later weeks of pregnancy, breast growth and darkening of the nipple are observed. Browning on the skin can also be seen in the navel, especially in the navel, in the midline of the abdomen (linea nigra), in the genital area, under the armpits and in the face mask style (chloasma). ”
One of the biggest fears of expectant mothers is the cracks in the skin that do not disappear after birth. These occur most frequently in the abdomen, but rarely in the hips and breasts. Most of the cracks are permanent. Akbay explains: koyu The cracks that are dark red during pregnancy become silver after birth. There is a genetic predisposition. It is recommended to use the products that moisturize the skin in order to prevent these cracks caused by sudden stresses by increasing the elasticity of the skin and to take plenty of water from the mouth. ”
Stomach problems are on the rise
Nausea and vomiting are common in the first four months of pregnancy. Dr. Bay These symptoms depend on the height of the pregnancy hormone called BHCG. ”He says:: To reduce nausea and vomiting, it should be eaten little by little. Oily and spicy foods should be avoided. Taking dry foods such as salted crackers on an empty stomach in the morning and taking liquids one to two hours before meals can help reduce nausea. Due to the smooth muscle relaxant effect of progesterone hormone during pregnancy, gas-related bloating, indigestion, constipation and heartburn may occur in the digestive tract. The predominant consumption of at least two liters of liquid and fibrous foods per day helps to relieve constipation. Not to lie down for at least one hour after meals will prevent food from escaping from the stomach back to the esophagus, reducing stomach burns. Swelling and bleeding in the gums are common during pregnancy. In such a case, oral hygiene is generally sufficient. ”
Fatigue and drowsiness
In the first months of the pregnancy, expectant mothers have excessive fatigue and drowsiness. For this reason, it is useful to rest as soon as possible.
Dr. As for other changes, Akbay says: sık There is a need for frequent urination in the first trimester of pregnancy and in the last trimester due to the reduced uterine capacity of the growing uterus. In order to prevent urinary tract infections, urination should not be postponed, but the bladder should be emptied frequently. Elevated levels of estrogen hormone during pregnancy cause a significant increase in vaginal discharge. It is a dark, light, odorless discharge, not accompanied by itching. Daily pad use may be required. Abdominal and groin pain due to stretching of the ligaments that hold the uterus in place with the growth of the uterus during pregnancy. Such pain can be alleviated by changing position and applying hot, in some cases the use of painkillers under the supervision of a doctor is required. Doktor