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Emotional development of newborn baby

Emotional development of newborn baby

One of the most frequently asked questions is whether a newborn will have feelings. Anadolu Medical Center Uz. Psychologist. Sevil Usanmaz says that during this period, the baby's reactions to any stimulus can only be mentioned and adds: “These are simple reactions to stimuli that give pleasure and do not give pleasure. Sucking the mother's breast gives pleasure, the baby becomes calm and peaceful. Stimuli that do not give pleasure, such as touching the baby with a cold object or gas pains, cause the baby to move and cry. Eki What are the indicators of the child's development?GÜLÜMSERPeaceful and calm baby smiles. Smile is first seen in weeks 6 and 8. But this smile is yet a reflex smile. The smile seen while sleeping shows that the baby is comfortable and peaceful. The calm and melodic voice of the mother and the lullaby singing makes the baby happy and smiles. Social smile, that is the smile that occurs when you see a person's face, is seen only after the second month.MARKSFrom the 2nd month onwards, babies begin to observe the environment clearly and select the faces approaching them. And the emotional response and smile of her mother by distinguishing her face is the first sign of the baby's emotional expression.FIGHT tHEFear is a normal emotion that can be seen in every baby. Loudness in infancy, being alone, a foreign person, sudden displacement, moving fast, riding on an elevator or swing, animals, dark room, furry toys can make babies afraid. Babies are more afraid of stimuli than children. As she grows, her fears diminish and qualitatively differ. Fear behavior towards foreigners, usually between six months and one year, gradually decreases and disappears. When an 18-month-old baby encounters a stranger, he is on his mother's lap and rests his head on his chest. A baby can only communicate with a stranger when he feels safe, smiling at him, even extending his hand. After the age of 2, it is seen that fear is learned through conditioning. If the mother and father are afraid, then the child is afraid. When the mother constantly says, gitme Don't go there, it's dark, çocuk so the child naturally fears darkness. TRUSTThe period of trust or insecurity begins from birth and the first year is very important, but it is important in all developmental stages of the child. The sense of trust arising from the positive relationship between the baby and the mother is the determinant of all life and interpersonal relationships • The mother is the most important asset for the baby. Mother smiles, baby smiles. • If the mother is calm, soft, caring and smiling, the baby becomes a calm, peaceful and smiling baby • The mother is there when she needs it, and when the baby is sure that her basic needs will be met, the foundations of trust are laid. • Babies learn that their mothers will go from time to time but will reappear. • Babies look at their mothers face and embrace their emotions and reflect it on their own faces • To meet the needs of the baby in a timely and loving way, to ease the baby, to ease the problems and to provide positive communication between the mother and the baby. It forms the basis of trust through the passage of emotions in endless communication.HOT UNDER tHE COLLAR isWhile some of the emotions such as love and sadness are learned over time, emotions such as anger and jealousy are present since birth. Anger is frequently seen in infants. Babies are often angry when stimuli are not met or their needs are not met. When the mother behaves hard and angry at the baby, does not feed enough, and gives her breast or bottle late, the babies react and get angry and hardly calm down. Factors that cause anger in infants: • Delaying the breast or bottle • Trying to force it while it is saturated • Taking the toy out of hand • Sitting in a high chair or chair • Washing your face with cold water • Leaving clothes in the room for a long time • Wiping the nose to be treated hard in dressing • Pain in the throat, looking at the throat, vaccinationsocialize itSocialization of the baby starts at the age of 3 months. When the baby is 3 months old, he watches people and things around him and distinguishes the sounds. She recognizes her mother's voice, turns her head, and her smile is no longer the reflex smile. Social smile can be regarded as the beginning of social development. Noticing other babies, laughing at them, reaching out, touching is seen at 4-5 months of age. From the sixth month onwards, the first aggressive behaviors such as pulling and pushing each other's hair may be seen among the babies. When the baby is 8-9 months old, he starts to imitate sounds, simple movements, and take care of toys, shakes hands and makes head and head. At 11-12 months, she smiles at her image in the mirror, reaches out to her and kisses her image like someone else. Beginning to walk between the 12th and 18th months, singing individual words, playing with him increases the socialization of the baby. It simulates simple games, enjoys being with other children and going to the park. The 2-year-old child undertakes simple activities with adults and establishes a social relationship between family members.