In fact, the majority of mothers' concerns that the child will be malnourished are irrelevant. Memorial Sisli Hospital Weight Control Center Dyt. E. Yasemin Sancak, listed the most common mistakes in child nutrition.
1. Switch to additional food early: It is a mistake that mothers often make with the fear that “my milk is not enough”. If the growth and development follow-up of the baby during the first six months is normal, the only nutrient it should consume is breast milk. Beginning cow's milk early while the ability to digest different nutrients has not yet developed can cause cow's milk allergy, wheat starch, flour or gluten intolerance. High-acid fruits such as honey, oranges, tangerines, and vegetables such as eggplants can also cause allergies.
2. Starting to eat in the first months: It is another mistake made with the intention of in Let my baby feed better ”. Breast milk is the “miraculous single nutrient ğinden because it contains all the necessary elements for babies, namely energy, carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals and water in the most ideal way. Therefore, if the growth and development of the baby is normal, only breast milk is recommended for the first six months.
3. Broth instead of meat: In order to obtain the beneficial components in the broth, the bone must be boiled with an acid such as vinegar and lemon, and this is not an appropriate method for feeding children. The fat passes into the water and causes excess fat intake and the palate to get used to it. For this reason, it is more appropriate to provide the meat itself as grilled, baked, cooked with vegetables in the pot or in the form of meatballs in adequate and balanced nutrition of infants and children.
4. Slurry: This method, which is preferred for the softness of consistency in infancy, can be a habit to continue when the child grows up. Therefore, when chewing reflex develops, it is necessary to teach and accustom to consume salty, sweet, liquid and solid foods separately.
5. Forced to eat excess: The prevalence of obesity in childhood and adults is increasing rapidly in our country and in the world. One reason for this is known to be the malnutrition habits gained in the family. Forcing the child to eat excessively causes the stomach to continue to eat after it feels saturated and to expand its stomach volume. It should be remembered that the average saturation time is 20 minutes after the first bite is taken, that the food should be eaten at the table and that the insistence after this time is incorrect.
6. No barriers to food: The child needs to set certain limits on this issue, which, like other subjects of life, do not allow him to overdo it. This is also the basis of future healthy eating habits. Limits should be taught to ensure that adequate and balanced nutrition becomes a way of life for children; absolutely no effort should be made, and more importantly, an example should be taken with the right behaviors.
7. The insistence that bitir finish the food on your plate:: The stomach capacity of children is not as much as adults. Children should be fed less and frequently. Therefore, in order to maintain weight control and maintain overall health, do not insist that they prepare and finish overloaded plates. You can learn from your nutritionist what you need to eat in one day according to your child's age.
8. Junk food and fast food: Meals should not be rewarded. Therefore, it is necessary to direct the children to useful alternatives by explaining the damages of unhealthy foods which are addictive, including additives and which cause weight gain, especially junk food and fast food foods. In order to believe that these foods are harmful, it is imperative that families display exemplary behavior.
9. Unbalanced nutrition: Adequate and balanced nutrition means growth, development and health protection for all meals, all food groups to consume appropriate amounts to the need. These food groups are milk and dairy products, cereals, meat and eggs, legumes and vegetables and fruits. While eating “Just drink milk, don't eat eggs!”, Bitir Finish meat, bread or vegetables remain kals should not be such misleading. Nutrition should be given great importance in childhood in which mind and body development takes shape. Obesity, weakness, iron deficiency anemia, rickets, iodine insufficiency, dental caries, such as insufficient and unbalanced nutrition to prevent the development of health problems through adequate and balanced nutrition is applied.
10. Ignore the breakfast: If breakfast is not served, there may be distraction, fatigue, headache, weakening of the immune system, and reduced mental performance. The most important meal of the day in childhood, where the mind and body development is intense, is a breakfast where the right foods are consumed. In terms of breakfast, adults should be an example for children.