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In recent years, the incidence, severity and complications (negative consequences) of infectious diseases have decreased significantly thanks to the awareness of the society in terms of general hygiene rules, the development of socioeconomic conditions and widespread vaccination applications.
What are infectious diseases in children?
Measles, rubella, mumps, chicken pox, fifth disease, sixth disease, scarlet fever, bacterial and viral upper respiratory tract infections are the most common childhood infectious diseases. In addition, gastrointestinal infections, hepatitis A and parasites transmitted by contaminated water and foods are common infectious diseases in childhood.
What are the causes of infectious diseases?
Influenza, colds, measles, rubella, mumps, chicken pox, fifth disease, the cause of diseases such as the sixth virus. There may also be bacterial causes such as whooping cough, tonsillitis and scarlet fever. Although less intestinal parasites are among the group of infectious diseases.
Do these diseases have common features? If so what?
Do these diseases affect children psychologically? If so, how?
All sick children may experience restlessness, tension, sleep disorders and occasional depression. However, they return to normal within 2-3 weeks after the illness has been overcome.
How should children treat these diseases and how should they be treated?
All infectious diseases must first be monitored under physician control and recommendations. It is necessary to be careful about possible complications (negative consequences) and consult the physician's opinion in case of doubt. In addition, children should be allowed to carry out their daily activities as much as possible, and attention should be distracted in various ways and their interest should be removed from the disease.
How do we protect children from these diseases?
The general hygiene rules which are essential for protection from infectious diseases are to be followed and to be vaccinated. It is important to pay attention to the use of clean drinking water, especially the cleanliness of raw consumed vegetables and fruits, especially regular and necessary hand washing. It is also important to avoid contact with people infected with infectious diseases and to avoid crowded environments where the risk of infection is high.
What is the effect of vaccines on infectious diseases?
Viral diseases, especially measles, rubella, mumps, varicella, etc. can be protected by vaccines from many infectious diseases.
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Compiled by: Ege EBCİN
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