VKV American Hospital Department of Nutrition and Diet. Ayşe Korkmaz and Dyt. Ayça Ilıca explains what a healthy child should consume.
Balanced and regular nutrition in childhood is very important for the development process of children. Childhood period includes a very wide range.
First, a child who has reached the age of 1 and has no health problems should now be able to consume all food groups. In the meantime, if there is still breast milk intake, it is recommended to continue until the age of 2.
There is a close relationship between the right eating habits, the habits during school years and the health problems that may occur when they are adults. In this period, it is important that parents, parents and elders set an example for acquiring the right eating habits.
In this age group, it should be ensured that they consume from each food group on a daily basis and their daily diet should be adjusted accordingly. Of course, if there is physical activity to be done, this affects the amount of nutrients they should take. In the food group; milk and products, meat group, vegetable - fruit group, fat group and cereals.
One point that should be paid attention during school age is to go to school after breakfast. In addition, the variety of food provided in school canteens and cafeterias is also important. It is important to apply menus specially prepared for this age group. In this period, misplaced dietary habits increase the risk of developing many diseases at advanced ages.
What is the indicator of a child's healthy diet?
Follow the growth curve in children. Weight and height are monitored in this curve according to age.
How should the kids have breakfast?
1-2 slices of cheese, whole grain bread, olives, molasses - honey, milk, eggs or omelets 2-3 times a week, fresh fruit, home made dried fruit cakes or pies are the foods that may be in children's breakfasts.
What should be the approach to an anorexic child?
One of the most upsetting and alarming issues for mothers is that their children do not eat. I can't feed my child, mothers who are surprised by what they think are going to starve, they make a lot of wrongs by making the right trunks wrong, they either make torture for their children or they create a big threat for themselves.
One of the most important factors affecting the appetite in children is to feed themselves with junk-food between meals. As a result, the child will feel rejected to eat at the main meals. A wafer or a slice of cake that you have caught in your child's hand before the main course will keep him entertained and cause him to refuse food at the table. In such cases, it is very important that the child is accustomed to the table setting. When your child reaches the age of one, the family should now sit at your table and learn that the meal time is a fun time for everyone to meet with the family.
In addition, small snacks or fruit to meet your child's needs can be given between breakfast and lunch, between lunch and dinner, but these snacks should not close the appetite and should not be too close to the main meal time. Furthermore, the fact that the dinner plates are colorful and entertaining in a way that attracts the attention of your child, and the amount of food they can eat on the plate will allow your child to eat much more willingly.
In addition, shopping with your child, asking for help while preparing a table or even giving him the opportunity to contribute to the preparation of food will have positive effects on increasing the desire of your child to eat. Before your meal, it will be beneficial for your child to clean and wash their hands to make them feel more fit. If your child is very tired and sleepless, do not insist on eating.
If your child refuses to eat, there can be many reasons. One of them is usually an effort to attract the attention of the child to ensure that everyone is interested. If you are in a situation like this, instead of being insistent and reactive to refuse to eat your child, you should not take care of him by saying 'well' and make him feel how worried you are about it. Otherwise, your child will see this as a trump card and will try to refuse the meal that he discovers that you are worried about having something done.
When your child doesn't want to eat, you should not say that he doesn't have to finish all of his plate and if he doesn't feel hunger he can eat it later, you shouldn't keep his plate in front of him for more than half an hour.
But you must be consistent in this attitude. Putting rewards to finish the plates, or coercing, coercing, and tricking into repressive attitudes can lead to poor connotations of food and meal time on the child, and may even cause even greater problems later on.
The other important factor in your child's refusal to eat is the same appetite as in adults. A decrease in the child's appetite may be observed, especially if the patient and his fever are elevated, if he is teething, tired or sleepless, and if the habitual pattern has changed. During this period, you can get your child to eat the foods he normally likes to eat without having to insist.
In spite of all this, if your child is also observing weight loss, if he strongly refuses to eat and eats, it is a good idea to consult a specialist immediately.