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Sunny days have arrived and we are all preparing ourselves for vacation plans. But here are some suggestions to avoid the charm of sunny days and to deliver both our own skin and our children's skin to the harmful rays of the sun…
Do not rely on a beach umbrella when it is not possible to find a natural shade on the beach. This cannot adequately protect your child from the reflection of the sun in the sand. Instead, install an awning that your child can shelter while playing.
When you go out with your child during the hours when the sun is most effective, make a shade on your baby's stroller or cover it with an umbrella, put on a wide hat or cap and wear as comfortable clothes as possible. Especially choose comfortable shoes and socks, because bare feet light up very quickly. Take care to protect other exposed areas from the sun. Keep in mind that the ultraviolet rays of the sun can pass through transparent, very thin and often non-woven fabrics. A typical shirt only has 7 or 8 sun protection factors. This means that most children need a layer of protection under their t-shirts if they will be out for a long time. Wet fabrics are one-third less protective than boards, darker colors are more protective, but can be uncomfortable in hot weather and frequent weavings are more protective than loose.
Have a day with your child in the sun:
Before going to the beach No matter what your child wears on, it is important that you wear something protective from the sun when you go out. It is important that you prefer protective products made especially for children. (PABA is a substance that is often found in sunscreens and is sensitive to some children). Be sure to choose a solar product that resists both UVA and UVB rays.
Before 11:00 Everyone can benefit from the sun, except for those under 3 years old who should always stay in the shade. You can stay in the sun with your child older than 3 years with an increasing period after the first day, provided that you do not overdo it. Reuse your sun protection product frequently and after every sea bath. Remember to drink plenty of water for your child.
Between 11.00-16.00 Dangerous times of the sun. Everyone should stay in the shade.
16.00 to 18.00 80% of UVs can pass through the clouds. Even if it is a cloudy day, take your protection and continue to protect yourself and your child with sunscreen. Tanning does not mean protecting the skin. Take precautions, especially against UVA, until the last days of sunbathing. Always use hats and umbrellas for your child. Do not forget plenty of water.
After 6pm Check the skin of yourself and your children frequently. If there is redness, do not be alarmed. Use post-sun protection products. Stay in the shade with suitable clothes and umbrellas in the coming days.
Because of the high levels of beta-carotene in foods such as green leafy vegetables, apricots and carrots, we recommend that you prefer these nutrients because they reduce the harmful effects of UVA rays, thus making your child's body resistant to the harmful effects of the sun.
Click to see the products that protect against the harmful effects of the sun.
Johnson K, Davy L, Boyett T, Weathers L, Roetzheim RG. Sun protection practices for children. Knowledge, attitudes, and parent behaviors. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2001; 155: 891-896.