The meaning of summer for children; swimming and swimming in the sea, playing and walking freely in the open air playgrounds. However, for your child's health, you must be aware of the dangers that await them in the summer. Memorial Ataşehir Hospital Department of Pediatrics Uz. Dr. Gökçe Günbey Elemen gave information about summer diseases in children with the effect of hot weather and made recommendations to parents.
What precautions should be taken against heat?
Rash; It is characterized by itchy, slightly puffy skin and pinkish skin rash. Occurs as a result of clogging sweat glands. Hot and humid air leads to increased debris. If itching results in skin damage, infection can also be added to the table. To avoid this, frequent bathing, cotton clothing and skin should be as airy as possible.
How can rashes be prevented?
Rash is one of the most common skin diseases in infants. It is seen as red, puffy lesions on the hips and thighs where the gland contacts. Rashes may recur during the period your baby is using a diaper, and the incidence of heat and humidity may increase during the summer.
• Change your baby's diaper frequently
• If possible, rinse the diaper with warm water after changing the cloth, especially in the first months when your baby's skin is sensitive, do not use wet wipes to clean the bottom. In the following months, prefer those that do not contain alcohol and perfume.
• Gently dry with a clean towel and ventilate the bottom of your baby. Thus, the skin will dry faster.
• Do not over-tighten the diaper and ensure that the skin breathes.
• Using diaper rash protection creams containing zinc oxide after each diaper change will be helpful in preventing rashes.
What measures should be taken for summer diarrhea?
In the summer, infections lead to diarrhea. Microbes that cause diarrhea in summer; viruses, bacteria and parasites. While some of these microbes are capable of diarrhea in summer and winter; some prefer winter and some prefer summer.
Diarrhea occurs most frequently in the 0-5 age group and is the leading cause of death in the first 2 years of life in developing countries.
• Treatment of mild diarrhea is done at home. Breastfeeding is continued in infants receiving breast milk. In addition to the liquid foods they are used to infants and children older than 6 months who do not take breast milk; rice porridge, banana, apple puree, yogurt, buttermilk foods are given. Fiber and fatty foods until diarrhea is avoided. It is recommended to give water between meals.
• In cases of moderate diarrhea, oral fluid treatment is initiated at the hospital. (Electrolyte solutions) If the response to treatment is good 4-6 hours after feeding is started and the patient is sent home. If vomiting occurs, treatment is interrupted and retried. In case of excessive vomiting and deterioration in the general condition, fluid treatment may be required by intravenous administration.
• In cases of severe diarrhea, the patient is hospitalized and fluid treatment is administered intravenously.
In the presence of blood and inflammation cells in the stool or if diarrhea does not improve in 7 days, stool culture should be taken and antibiotic treatment should be started if necessary.
Which points should be paid attention to sunbathing?
When exposed to the sun for a long time, the skin first develops redness (first-degree burns), and for longer-term damage, water-filled blisters are observed on the skin (second-degree burns). Your child is light-skinned, blonde or red-haired, colored eyes, freckles are more susceptible to sunburn.
• Do not expose children to the sun between 11:00 and 16:00 hours, when the sun is most intense.
• Dress your child in light-colored cotton fabric with plenty of clothing and a wide-brimmed hat.
• Apply a protective lotion to your child at least 20 minutes before sun exposure, with a sunscreen factor (SPF) greater than 30 (the protection factor for light-skinned children and infants should be above 50) and repeat 3-4 hours apart.
• Keep in mind that your child may burn with sand and rays reflected from the sea / pool, even in the shade.
• Protect your child's eyes from the sun and let them wear UV-protected sunglasses.
How to act against sunstroke?
Very hot days, humid weather that makes sweating difficult, noon where sun rays are most effective, windless days increase the risk of sunstroke. After playing outside in summer your child; pallor in the skin, dizziness, 38-40 degrees fever, weak pulse, sweating, if there is suspicion of sunstroke. If; referral, irregular breathing, fever above 45 degrees, if there are symptoms such as redness of the skin is hot coma.
What should be done against mosquito, bee and insect stings?
Apply cold compresses and ice to the bitten area. If there is a needle, try not to pull it with tweezers, but with a knife back. In addition to applying various pomades to reduce itching; orally syrup. Pain relief syrup can also be taken if there is pain. Bee sting rarely develops a shock condition called anaphylaxis and may require urgent intervention.