What is birthmark? Why?
Birthmarks are those that have been present on the skin of babies since the womb. They are usually harmless and do not affect the baby's vital functions.
With imaging devices birthmarks are noticed by the doctor before birth.
Now, let's examine all kinds of birthmarks together:
Neonatal Acne (Acne)
My newborn baby has acne on his face If you say, you can see the reasons for the continuation of our article. First of all, don't be afraid, it is one of the smallest skin problems you may encounter.
- It is a picture of acne vulgaris which is mostly seen on the cheeks, chin and forehead due to the hormone effect passing through the mother.
- It is more common in boys.
- Heals in a short time. It usually does not require treatment.
- Local treatment can be applied in cases that persist for a long time. Skin ointments containing corticosteroids should not be used in newborns.
Mongolian Stains (Mongolian Stains)
- In the newborn, the baby's blue-light gray decay-like edges with pronounced Mongolian spots buttocks, sometimes on the legs and shoulders.
- Nine out of 10 children with black, eastern or Indian origin have these spots.
- These misidentified stains are Mediterranean infants is also quite common. But blond hair, It is rare in blue-eyed children.
- Although most are seen in childbirth and disappeared in the first year, they continue to be seen sometimes after and even in adulthood.
Vascular moles (Hemangiomas)
SALMON STAINS (Salmon Colored Stain, Nevus Simplex, Stork Bite, Macular Hemangioma)
- Newborn seen in 30 to 50 percent of normal babies small, light pink and flat mottled.
- Salmon that occurs mostly on the eyelids, forehead, upper lip, area between the eyebrows and the back of the neck stainsbecomes more pronounced at times of crying bouts and heat changes. But most are seen on the back of the neck. That's why stork bite name.
- Nevuses are colored, blotchy or swollen lesions originating from blood vessels and lymph vessels in general. They consist of collection of blood vessels (capillaries).
- In the first two years of life they become increasingly faded and they are not apparent except when the child is forced or shouting.
- Since 95% of the lesions on the face disappear completely, these scars are less of an aesthetic concern.
- But the back of the neck remains, but the baby's hair grows invisible.
Strawberry Colored Hemangioma
- Very commonly, Hemangioma can be seen in one out of ten infants.
- Girls are more common; There is rarely at birth. It's mostly until two months old.
- They are benign (non-carcinogenic) tumors formed by newly formed blood vessels.
- Strawberry hemangioma usually occurs on the face, scalp, back or chest, but can occur anywhere in the body.
- Characteristic are red, protruding, sharply circumscribed wounds.
- Soft, protruding, strawberry-colored The birthmark can be as small as a freckle or as big as the palms.
- It consists of immature vascular structures that break off from the circulatory system during fetal development.
- May be visible at birth or may occur suddenly in the first weeks of life.
Strawberry-colored eastern traces may grow slightly, but eventually turn into pearly gray and disappear completely at the age of 5-10 years.
Most strawberry hemangiomas grow rapidly, remain a certain size and then it disappears. In 60 percent of cases, when the child reaches the age of 5, in 90-952 percent, there is no wound when he turns 9. In about 10 percent of children with these birthmarks, the a slight wrinkle or wilt remains.
How are Birth Spots and Skin Diseases Treated?
Your doctor may recommend several treatments. The simplest is compression and massage, which accelerates the disappearance of the track.
Strawberry hemangiomas treatment corticosteroid therapy, surgery, laser therapy, cryotherapy and curing agents may be necessary. Many experts believe that 0.1% of these birth scars require surgical intervention.
When strawberry hemangioma (shrinks over time or surgery) leaves scarring or permanent tissue, the condition can be corrected by plastic surgery.
Strawberry colored my hemangioma less common - occurs in only one or two of every hundred babies.
This condition, commonly seen with the strawberry type, consists of larger, immature vascular elements and includes deeper layers of the skin. The large red or blue-colored mass is initially protruding.
It grows rapidly in the first 6 months and slows down in the next month.
It starts to shrink in 12-18 months.
When he was five, 50%,
At the age of seven, 70%,
90% at the age of nine
At the age of ten or twelve, 95% disappear.
WINE STAINS (Portwine stain, flamous nevus)
- Consists of expanded, mature capillaries, the most common percentage.
- Stains vary in size; sometimes half of the body surface can be affected.
- These scars that play purple can appear anywhere on the body. They appear as flat, pink or purple-like lesions during delivery.
- This temporary is a disorder.
Rarely, these lesions soft they are associated with overgrowth of tissue or bone and, when seen on the face, cause abnormal brain development.
Even if they change color slowly, they do not change much over time and they are considered permanent. They can be covered with water-resistant cosmetic creams and can be removed by laser treatment at age 12.
Cafe au lait (coffee with milk) stains
This is without protrusion stains skin color (milk-filled coffee) to light coffee (very little milk coffee) can vary in color and can be seen anywhere on the body. They're common.
They are prominent at birth or in the first few years of life and do not disappear.
If your child has many milky brown spots (six or more), consult your doctor. Some diseases can be seen with a large number.
Congenital Pigmented Nevi
This I have light brown to black colors and hairy.
Smaller ones are more common. The big ones so “Giant Pigmented Nevis” It is very rare. But later they tend to become malignant.
It is recommended that large moles and suspicious moles be removed as long as they can be easily removed, and those that cannot be removed can be carefully monitored by a physician who is used to treating them.
- Newborn baby It is called small white tuber or cyst that resembles acne on its face.
- These are superficial skin cysts formed in hair follicles.
- They are seen as white with a diameter of 1 mm on the forehead, nose and cheeks.
- In a few weeks, they recover from themselves.
Miliaria (Sweat Retention Syndrome)
- As a result of mechanical clogging of sweat channels are temporary, pin-sized bubbles.
- It usually occurs in hot and humid environmental conditions.
- It is mostly seen in folds.
- Keep the child in a cool place and bathroom It should be applied.
- harmless and spontaneously disappear with treatment.
Toxic Erythema of Newborn (Erytema Neonatarum)
Symptoms of Toxic Erythema:
- White self on a red surface acne or a blistering rash. They are yellowish-white lesions similar to flea bites with a diameter of 5-6 mm in the middle.
- The cause is unknown.
- Especially from birth after the second day. It disappears spontaneously in 1-2 weeks.
- Approximately 50 percent of babies born in normal time (less in premature infants) develop toxic erythema 1 to 3 days after birth.
- It usually occurs on the face, abdomen and arms and legs and resembles a flea bite.
- Spillage is harmless and requires no treatment, usually passes within a few days.