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Eye diseases can be seen in children starting from neonatal period
Retinopathy of premature infants, congenital cataract and glaucoma in infancy and early childhood, turbidity of the transparent layer of the eye called cornea, eye problems that may develop due to various genetic and metabolic diseases, life-threatening intraocular tumors and strabismus are the most common eye diseases in children. . The most common eye diseases in preschool period are; eye laziness, hypermetropia and astigmatima, especially refractive errors, the difference between the two eyes and strabismus. In the school age, refractive errors, especially myopia, are the leading eye disorders.
Consider these symptoms
Permanent itching of the eyes during infancy and early childhood, severe sensitivity to light, difficulty in focusing on or tracking an object, impaired or limited paralysis of the eyes, persistent redness of the eyes, or presence of unilateral or bilateral watering, Detection of reflection is indicated as a symptom of eye disorder in infants. Preschool children also need to be suspected of eye impairment when looking at an object, turning or bending the head in a certain direction, narrowing eyes, or having balance problems.
What to look for in order to protect your child's eye health
Visual impairment as well as the development of body and balance in the child; perception, communication skills and social development. Recognizing and treating visual defects at an early age is of great importance for a healthy vision in the future. This is only possible through periodic eye examinations. In addition to periodic eye examinations; a balanced diet rich in vegetables and fruits, personal hygiene education, early childhood protection of the child's eyes from the sun's harmful rays, proper lighting conditions, taking care to take some precautions such as aligning the computer with the eyes at the computer.
First eye examination is very important
Early eye examination in children In addition to early diagnosis of eye problems; it is also important in terms of capturing clues of some systemic diseases. Premature infants should be evaluated by the ophthalmologist for ret retinopathy of prematurity en which may result in unilateral or bilateral blindness and requires very serious and urgent intervention. In newborns, the eyes should be checked for transparency and parallelism; pediatrician, family physician or an ophthalmologist should be consulted if any other situation is noticed. All babies should be examined by an ophthalmologist in the first year of their lives. In infants, vision can only be evaluated by an ophthalmologist. Following this initial examination, all children should undergo an eye examination at the age of 3-3.5 years, at the age of 5 years and then at intervals of 1-2 years.
Untreated eye diseases in childhood become more serious problems in the future
Various eye disorders that have not been diagnosed and treated in childhood, especially eye laziness, strabismus and refractive errors, lead to permanent visual loss which cannot be compensated in later years. Lazy eye can only be prevented and treated when diagnosed at an early age. The main conditions leading to eye laziness are uncorrected high refractive errors, different degree of refractive defects between the two eyes, and strabismus. Detection of these conditions is only possible with eye examinations during childhood.