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One of the most important factors in reducing preventable diseases and deaths is vaccination of the mother, fetus and newborn. Vaccination protects the health of the mother and fetus while at the same time passive antibodies protect the newborn from infections in the first six months. American Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Senai Aksoy describes the vaccines that should be given during pregnancy.
It is known that vaccinations using inactive (dead) viruses or bacteria and toxoid during pregnancy do not pose a risk for the mother and the baby. In addition, vaccination during the breastfeeding period is OK.
Vaccination in pregnant women is usually done from the second trimester. The most important purposes in vaccination are:
• Congenital malformation of the fetus during pregnancy
• Protect against infections that cause growth retardation, stillbirth and neurological symptoms
• Reducing preterm labor
• Protecting the mother from more severe diseases during pregnancy (influenza, hepatitis B, etc.),
• Reducing neonatal infections
Hepatitis B vaccine:
It is possible for surrogate mothers to infect their babies during birth. Therefore, the infants of hepatitis B carriers should be given hepatitis B vaccine and immunoglobulin within the first 12 hours as soon as they are born. Pregnant mothers who are carriers of hepatitis B spouse should not be vaccinated until pregnancy.
The flu vaccine is a dead virus vaccine prepared according to the antigen that occurs every year. There is no negative effect of having the flu vaccine during pregnancy. The flu vaccine can also be administered safely during breastfeeding. It is recommended that all mothers who will spend the second and third trimesters of their pregnancy during the flu season receive the flu vaccine.
In the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, two doses of tetanus vaccines are given at intervals of one month. The third dose is given six months after the first vaccination. Pregnant women who have completed a series of tetanus vaccines should receive a single dose if more than 10 years have passed. Tetanus vaccination is very important for prevention of the disease because 60% of the tetanus which can develop in the newborn period will be fatal.